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Zamia pumila

Photo credit J.C. Raulston Arboretum at NC State University

Coontie

Zamia pumila (umbrosa) is the form of this low cycad native in eastern Florida. It has stiff evergreen fern-like leaves from a large tuberous root which is the source of arrowroot starch and once much used by the Indians.  It is not a palm and is actually more closely related to ferns.  It is a popular landscape plant in Florida but hardy in much of the Coastal and Lower South. Somewhat tolerant of salt spray and slightly saline soil. Winter mulch is advisable for young plants in areas where palms are marginal. Can be grown as a container plant and protected in winter. Male and female cones produced on separate plants.

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Height
2-4 Feet

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Spread
3-4 Feet

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USDA Hardiness Zone 8-10

Characteristics & Attributes

Attributes
Evergreen
Growth Rate in the Garden
Slow
Sun Requirements
Full Sun