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Persea borbonia

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Redbay is an attractive medium size broadleaf evergreen tree related to the Avocado. Often confused with Swampbay (P. palustris), this species lacks the stellate pubescence on the underside of leaves, has fruits on short pedicils, and occurs on drier sites including coastal dunes.  The leaves are sometimes used for flavoring as is Bayleaf (Laurus nobilis).  Persea borbonia is native to the southeastern U.S.  This and Swampbay have been hit in the past few years with a new pathogen transmitted by an Asian ambrosia beetle.  Many trees have been lost along the southeastern coastal areas but trees planted inland and outside the natural range may hopefully escape.  Leaves of trees in the native habitat are often disfigured by a leaf gall insect.  It does little damage and would not be a problem on trees grown in areas where the insect does not occur.     

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USDA Hardiness Zone 7-9

Characteristics & Attributes